The Abia State Polytechnic, Aba was established by Edit No. 8 of 1994, which has a retrospective effect from 2nd October, 1992. Its location is the former Girls Technical College (GTC) Aba, along Aba Owerri Road.
The initial intake comprised students taking various Certificate Programmes. The National Diploma Programmes commenced in the 1994/1995 academic year. The Higher National Diploma Programmes were introduced in the 1999/2000 session.
The Academic Board is the next in the hierarchy of the administration of Abia State Polytechnic, Aba. This is the academy Policy making organ of the polytechnic. The Rector is the chairman. Other members include the Directors of schools, Head of Academic Department, The Librarian and representatives of the academic staff. The Registrar is Secretary to the Academic Board.